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 About Jiwaji Observatory

The observatory was constructed by Maharaja Sawai raja Jaisingh(II) of jaipur in 1719 when he was in Ujjain as the governor of Malva under the reign of King Muhammad Shah of Delhi. Besides being a brave fighter and a politician, Raja Jaisingh was exceptionally a scholar. He studies books astro-mathematics available in the Persian and Arabic languages at that time. He himself wrote book on astronomy.

Mirza Ulook Beig, the grandson of Temur Lung and an expert in astronomy, built an observatory in Samarkand. Raja Jaisingh built observatories in Ujjain, Jaipur, Delhi, Mathura and Varanasi in India by the permission of King Muhammad Shah. Raja Jaisingh sat up new instruments in these observatories of the employing his skills. He himself made alternations in anumber of main astro-mathematical instruments by observing the activities of planets for eight years in Ujjain.

There after the observatory remained uncared for two decades. Then as per the suggestions of Siddhantavagish, (Late) Shri Narayanji Vayas, Ganak Churanami and (Late) Shri G.S. Apte, the first superintendent of the observatory, (Late) Maharaja Madhav Rao Schindia renovated the observatory and funded it for its active use. Since then it has been continuously functioning.

The four yantras viz. Sun-Dial, Narivalaya, Digansha and Transit instruments were made guided by Raja Jaisingh in the observatory. The Shanku(Gnomon) Yantra has been prepared under the direction of (Late) Shri G.S. Apte. Having arrived at the last moments of its position, the Digansha Yantra was re-constructed in 1982. Marble notice-boards displaying information about the instruments were prepared, both in Hindi and Engilsh, in1983.

Miss Swarnmala Rawala,the then Commissioner of Ujjain Division, was at great pains to completely renovate and beautify the observatory in 2003. IN addition, ten solar- power-operated solar tube-lights were installed with the help of Energy Development Corporation and beautiful banks were contracted along the holy river Kshipra at the observatory site under the guidance of M.P. Laghu Udyog Nigam. The School Education Department has purchased in 2003 an automatic telescope of 8 inches diameter of facilitate visitors see planets through it.

In the premises of the observatory, a planetarium, an interpretation centre, an administrative building, a library and a conference hall have been built in the year 2009 by the M.P. Tourism Development Corporation.

In 2014, M.P. Government School Education Department has approved the observatory upgradation proposal. Under which the construction of retaining wall, boundary wall, grand entrance, ticket house, architect's designs, the construction of the ancient trees, the beautification of ancient instruments, the installation of the idol of Maharaja Sawai raja Jaisingh (II), regularization of complex and solar lights of complex and solar lights, reconstruction of the ghat, digital projector in the star mansion, pushback chair and air conditioning, by organizing the 3rd chamber in the meeting room, setting up of new meeting arrangements and air conditioning, complete computerization and Wi-Fi -Five facility, computerized ticket arrangement, CCTV cameras for monitoring campus Arrangement, digitization of ancient texts, arrangement of jets,the provision of pure cold drinking water, the work of modern cosmetic arrangement Completed before Simhastha-2016.

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